How to Write Ethnography?

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How to Write Ethnography?

Ethnography word has origin from Greek; which is “Ethos” means folk, people, and “graphic” means to write an assignment. Define as the study and systematic recording of human cultures and their nature. In the simple form, we can say that it is a scientific description of people and culture with their customs, habits, and mutual differences.

It has focused on the research of human behavior and their experience. It is a specific type of written observational science that provides culture, society, and communication information.

It is a very time-consuming style of academic writing service. Research, data analysis, and different methods of collecting the data take a lot of time. The person who researches the ethnographic is called an ethnographer. He lives with a certain type of community, to learn about their culture. Ethnographers research by observes the behavior and lifestyle of the people.

After research and observation ethnographic report can present into 3 different parts are-

Interpretive, Inclusive, Descriptive.

Steps for writing an Ethnographic report-

In the early stage, you find it challenging to observe and research human behavior and difficult to know about their culture. Here, are some tips and points which help you to make good and accurate reports. 

1. Understanding Your Audience and Topic-

First-time things you need to clear in your mind who is your target audience for whom you are doing this research. In the research methodology targeted audience is called the Universe. The report should be clear, catchy so that audience understands easily. Your report should have a good briefing so that audience will understand easily. A good explanation of the report will create reader attention. You should have a clear view of your goals and aim which lead you on a successful path.

Students Away from Their Targeted Community

As a researcher, you should have a targeted community or targeted group of people on which you are going to present the report.

The Thesis Statement and Outline

The thesis is a very important part of ethnography. It helps readers to understand the idea of research. All the research data you need to note down on paper when you write your report on a paper is called the thesis statement. The thesis statement has its own theme on which researchers are working and finding some logical points for a report effective for a reader. The thesis has all the important aspects which you have studied while doing research on the topic. You can collect data from doing fieldwork like living with the community or group of people. Community daily routine, observe their lifestyle, engage with them personally to know them better. Interact with them, so that it will become easier for you.

Literature of Reviews

A literature review is essential for research because it helps you to gather important data available on books, internet. It also gives credibility to your work by analyzing the data by using techniques of research methodologies. This technique also helps you write good and creative ethnographic descriptions.

Data Collection and Analysis

Data collection and analysis tools help you write an accurate ethnographic report. Data gathering and analysis have facts, a figure which represents your report more authentic and original. You have proof of your data in which you make decisions for your thesis. You can do data collection and analysis by using these two techniques are-

Quantitative Research- It has all numeric data related to your report, facts that can be represented by different graphs and charts. It has closed-ended questionnaires and surveys reports, Observations, and experiments all are in numerical form.

Qualitative Research-

In this method, you have insight factors. Interviewing targeted audience by asking them open-ended questions. It also has a participatory observation

In this step, you will analyze the gathered data for getting the result of the research. You may use social theories and thesis statements to interpret your data according to research. This step helps you to remove any unnecessary data which is not important for research.


Reflexivity defines as details of the research, in which you need to explain the study on which you are doing research. Ethnographic data has details of the culture of a particular group. In reflexivity, you can differentiate your study from previous studies in the field. You can add your value points to your research. It removes all the misunderstanding data analysis.

Writing the Introduction and Conclusion

After the research data is completed to need to show your thesis result which is a conclusion of the research. An introduction is the summarization of the report, Conclusion also provides the reader you understand of your thoughts. The conclusion result helps you to write a thesis statement. The conclusion should be concise and to the point is should not be lengthy because the reader may lose interest in reading it.

The Final Draft

Proofreading and editing the error is the most important task for research. You should make sure that your research report is appropriate and accurate according to the thesis. The final draft is the last step in research where you edit the error and correct the statement accurately.


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