Pulp and Paper Manufacturing Process

paper g100f8ad52 1920
paper g100f8ad52 1920

The pulp and paper industry relies on two types of energy: electrical and thermal energy. The main objective of electrical energy is to drive fans and pumps. On the other hand, thermal energy is used in evaporators and digesters. Also, thermal energy plays a significant role in drying pulp. According to studies, the pulp and paper industry is faced with economic, environmental, and political pressure to minimize the toxicity and volume of its wastewater. Pulp and paper are made from plant materials, such as cellulosic fibers. In addition, some papers will incorporate wood fibers, sugarcane residues, cotton linter, and flax. Products such as cellulose esters, rayon, and cellulose acetate are used for packaging explosives and films. For more information about pulp and paper packing, visit https://packagingeurope.com/the-rapid-interview-with-asia-pulp-and-paper/1343.article. The pulping process aims at removing impurities that can cause future disintegration and discoloration of the paper. Hemicellulose has a similar composition and function as cellulose. Therefore, it’s crucial for fiber-to-fiber bonding, especially in the papermaking process. Below are key steps in the pulp and paper manufacturing process:

1. Preparation of Raw Materials

There are various forms of wood, depending on either the origin of the raw material or the pulping process. For instance, a pulp mill can receive chips or bolts of wood. In the preparation stage, departing is a key method, especially if you opt for round wood. The debarked wood bolts are converted into wood chips. Screen the chips depending on size. In addition, clean the ideal sizes and store them for further processing.  

2. Separation of Fiber

There are various technologies that are used in the fiber separation stage. In addition, kraft chemical pulping is used to convert wood chips into wood pulp. A digester uses a specific temperature to partially dissolve the extractive and the lignin. In addition, the digester will separate the fibers. After the digestion session, the cooked pulp is directed into a pressure vessel. In the pressure vessel, volatile materials and steam are turned off. Rotating processes are used to refine the chips. After refining, the pulp is cleaned and screened. In addition, water is essentially removed for papermaking.

3. Bleaching Process

The raw pulp contains a certain amount of discoloration and lignin. The main objective of the bleaching process is to produce white or light-colored papers. Oxidation and chlorination processes are key for solubilizing fibers. These processes incorporate hydrogen peroxide, chlorine dioxide, sodium hypochlorite, oxygen, and chlorine gas. Sodium hydroxide extracts the lignin from the fiber surface. These bleaching solutions are used in a certain sequence that depends on various factors, such as the type of the pulp, the relative cost of the bleaching agent, and the condition of the pulp. There are two types of pulp bleaching: chemical pulp bleaching and mechanical pulp bleaching. Mechanical pulp bleaching is designed to minimize the removal of lignin. On the other hand, chemical pulp bleaching is used to destroy coloring impurities. This process tends to leave the cellulosic material and lignin intact. The chemical pulp process comprises sodium bisulfite, sodium or calcium hypochlorite, and zinc or sodium hydrosulfite.

4. Papermaking Process

In the papermaking process, you’ll find either unbleached or bleached pulp. Pulp is refined to improve the bonding and formation of fibers, especially in the paper machine.

In conclusion, there are numerous benefits of pulp and paper packing: water-resistant, excellent cushioning, electrically neutral, aesthetic, unaffected by extreme temperatures, etc.


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